Fire safety of special groups
Fires are always dangerous, but especially so to those who are not physically capable of acting promptly in an emergency, or lack the knowledge needed to do so. This can include senior citizens, the disabled, and (due to possible language barriers) immigrants. However, anyone can be in a special group, e.g. if they are on certain types of medication or in poor health.

Often people who are in a special group live in service or independent support apartments or are customers of home care services. In these cases, the operator is responsible for residents’ fire and exit safety. The law requires operators to prepare reports and measures for ensuring a safe exit in case of fire or other potentially dangerous situations, either independently or with assistance. Based on the report, the emergency authorities assess how well exit safety is provided for.

If the assessment shows that residents are unable to exit fast and safely enough, the building is usually supplied with automatic fire extinguishing equipment. The law also obliges authorities and e.g. those making home calls to inform the emergency authorities of any fire and hazard risks in the building or apartment. Confidentiality regulations no longer prevent this communication, but the emergency authorities must be informed of any observed dangers or defects. SPEK keeps track of cases where an automatic fire extinguishing equipment has saved lives. Read more about these cases here 
Training material
The aim of the fire safety of special groups is to better enable those working with such groups to observe and assess the fire risks to especially at-risk persons living at home, and to take measures to improve fire safety.

The free training material has been specially prepared for the social and healthcare services. It is also suited to family caregivers. The training material is available for download in several languages:
  Fire safety of special groups in Finnish and Swedish
  Fire safety of immigrants in Finnish, Swedish, English, French, and Somali.
Copyright 2012 by SPEK